Indian Telegraph Act 1885

The Indian Telegraph Act authorizes government law enforcement agencies to monitor/intercept communications and tap phone lines.It gives power to the government to take possession of any licensed telegraphs in case of a public emergency or in the interest of public safety.

Section 5 of the Act is commonly known as the wire-tapping clause. It can also order interception of communication in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the state, friendly relation with foreign states or public order or for preventing incitement to the commission of an offence. However, the government has to follow the procedure established by law for issuing such order. (click here for more)